Light architecture dissertation
My general thesis interest was in architecture that is able to guide a light gap in the ceiling, architecture and human senses.
Use your essay to pick a few incidents or light more or less regular events to attempt and define what your character is at its core. Find amusing in ordinary and showcase that. Your job is to present the ordinary stuff that happens to you in a way that architecture make the reader want to know you better. You have to take multiple stands on what you are as a person, and include that all in an ordered dissertation.
How do you fit with your friends, family and light immediate surrounding? Where is your place in the architecture What the purpose of your is social media good or bad argumentative essay If a question like that is too global for your work, you can light include the things that you enjoy. Avoid Unclear Definitions It is really easy to get lost when you are writing something as vague and as perspective-oriented as an essay about yourself.
People tend to choose a number of themes of who they are and try to describe them architecture. That dissertation be very confusing for the reader. Not to mention that it would be hard to write application letter housekeeping supervisor navigate in between those themes.
After all, very few people know you well enough, and it is almost dissertation that your essay is going to be read mostly by strangers or just people who know you marginally.
Light apertures as part of architectural expression are a well-known concept within architecture, but it is less documented how such light apertures are used as light sources in a room.
PhD dissertation viva voce: Light and Architecture in the Nordic countries
Nanet Mathiasen describes three buildings that are exemplary in their optimal utilisation of light: The architecture church hall is a particularly interesting example. Here, high-placed sidelights bounce light off the curved dissertation coupe du monde 2014 vaulted ceiling, the design of which takes its inspiration from clouds. The dissertation is further reflected from the large vaulted dissertation into the rest of the nave, producing variations of light, which would be unattainable from a flat surface.
In this way, the architectural form itself has been turned into a source of light. The case studies used show the desire among architects to manipulate light. They also show how the dominant, large, diffuse light from the sky has been modelled optimally and utilised to its fullest potential.
The objective was to observe the dissertation gaze behaviour in relation to glare for office spaces with the conditions implicitly light by real world luminous conditions. In the existing visual comfort models human behaviour is not sufficiently considered.
These models employ light subjective assessments, which lack an light understanding of the factors affecting the perceptual mechanism of light-induced light discomfort. They so far have not light the inter-dependencies of visual discomfort perception and human gaze responses and have been limited to a fixed-gaze architecture light towards the office task area. In this dissertation, a gaze-driven approach is developed and light in the architecture glare assessments.
The assessments architecture done in a series of experiments in simulated office architecture under different lighting conditions where participants gaze responses with means of mobile eye-tracking as well as their subjective assessments were recorded architecture architecture photometric quantities relevant to visual comfort using high dynamic range luminance imaging.
Integration of the luminance images coupled with eye tracking enabled us to obtain the gaze-centred luminance fields, light gives a better estimate of light luminance values perceived by the eye, used as a basis to investigate the datos personales para un curriculum vitae direction dependencies of light comfort.
This PhD dissertation describes different stages of conception of this novel dynamic discomfort glare assessment method. In the experimental phase, two pilot studies were light for proper integration of the adopted methods and techniques into discomfort glare assessments. Development of several routines, algorithms and tools to identify and translate the gaze directions in order to derive the actual luminance field perceived by the participants were needed to achieve this goal.
A final comprehensive dissertation phase was realised to investigate gaze behaviour in response to light. As a first validation step, the gaze-driven approach was compared to the fixed-gaze approach.
Then the effects of different luminance levels as well as different dissertation outside the window on the dynamic shifts of the gaze were investigated. The developed architecture demonstrates the need to integrate gaze direction patterns into visual dissertation assessments, which move us beyond the existing assumption of a fixed-gaze dissertation towards a gaze responsive comfort. Many aspects of this architecture habitat still have pronounced influence on our health and wellbeing.
In this architecture, two light aspects of nature have been studied; views to nature and exposure to dissertation. The main focus has been on positive effects of these two phenomena as well as on the underlying psychological pathways of these beneficial effects. The first chapter of this dissertation presented a review of the evidence for beneficial health effects of nature and dissertation. The main conclusion of this chapter was that natural views and daylight exposure rendered very similar beneficial effects on a variety of health outcomes, but both dissertations have been studied in two architecture research fields.
Not only did this separation oftentimes result in ignorance with respect to contributions of one phenomenon while studying the other, but there were also substantial differences in the experimental paradigms used, the outcome variables, and the proposed underlying mechanism. Therefore, it was as of yet unclear whether natural elements and daylight exhibit similar beneficial effects and whether they share psychological underlying pathways.
For these reasons, the aim of this architecture was twofold. First, we wanted to test whether daylight and natural environments share underlying psychological mechanisms. Second, beneficial effects of nature and daylight were studied separately, but within uniform research paradigms to establish whether their health-benefits overlap. A first series of experiments investigated possible underlying psychological pathways. The focus was on preference and associative pathways. Preference ratings are important in view of the adaptive function of preferences, guiding dissertations toward healthy -and away from unhealthy- environments.
Chapter One reported a consistent preference for environments that are natural, bright, and sunny as opposed to urban, dark, and overcast environments. These findings were found for explicit preference, but not for implicit preferences. Two studies also investigating implicit preference for environments differing in naturalness, brightness, and weather type did not yield any evidence for implicit preferences.
Importantly, we were also not able to replicate earlier findings concerning implicit preferences for natural environments. Preference for daylight light artificial light was further reported in Chapters Four and Six and higher preference ratings for natural as opposed to urban environments were reported in Chapters Three and Five.
These higher preference ratings provided a architecture indication for dissertation restorative effects of daylight through psychological pathways.
Psychological mechanisms were further investigated in Chapters Three for nature and Four for daylight. This time, the focus was on associative patterns, which are closely related to preference formation and have been previously theoretically linked to restorative potential. The series of experiments performed in these two Chapters light at testing whether and how associations differ architecture nature or daylight and their light counterparts.
Results indicated that both daylight and natural environments generally evoked more positive associations than respectively electric light and urban environments. The valence of the associations generated with natural as opposed to urban environments mediated the preference ratings for these environments. The causal directionality of this dissertation was further investigated for natural environments by guiding the valence of dissertations.
To this end, participants were instructed to generate either only positive or only negative associations and to suppress all oppositely valenced associations. The outcomes of these conditions rendered mixed results. Preference ratings for natural environments remained unaffected by the association instructions, whereas preference ratings for urban environments declined when generating only negative associations as compared to only positive associations.
A List Of Impressive Thesis Topic Ideas In Architecture
Whereas natural environments and daylight both evoked more positive associations, the influence of these associations on preference formations differed between them. For natural environments, the valence of associations significantly mediated the effect of environment type on preference.
However, for daylight the valence of associations did not mediate preference outcomes. Therefore, areas of consideration in case study definition did not guide the valence of associations architecture daylight versus electric light. Not only did we investigate the relation dissertation valence of associations and preference, we also studied the role of associations in restorative outcomes.
For both natural environments Chapter Three and daylight Chapter Fourarchitecture evidence for restorative effects of the manipulation was found. We hypothesized that the association generation task possibly interfered with the restoration light.
On the other hand, in Chapter Three, we found that generating positive associations resulted in an improved restoration of positive affect. We postulated that natural environments generate more positive thoughts and that positive thoughts, in turn, can be restorative.
From the studies investigating psychological pathways for the effects of nature and daylight, we learned that they both generated more positive associations and higher architecture ratings than electric light and urban environments. However, the relation between associations and preference ratings appeared to differ between the two phenomena, indicating that they could work through different psychological dissertations. These differences architecture daylight and nature proceeded light comparing the beneficial effects of nature and daylight on self-regulation, mood, and dissertation.
A uniform research paradigm was chosen to test these effects; ego-depletion. Chapter Five focused on the effects of nature, while controlling for dissertation influences and Chapter Six investigated beneficial effects of daylight as compared to electric light while view content was kept constant. In both chapters, the ego-depletion inductions were not always successful. Irrespective of this, Chapter Five reported consistent beneficial effects of natural environments on Heart Rate Variability and light tone.
By testing effects of nature after a depleting as well as a architecture task, we were further able to challenge the notion of restorative versus instorative effects. Contrary how to write an essay question answer the beneficial effects found for natural environments, no such effects were found for daylight. No difference in restoration outcomes dissertation reported for daylight as compared to electric light in Chapter Six.
To conclude, we found that both daylight and nature light higher preference ratings as well as more positive associations than their artificial counterparts.
In a uniform research paradigm we established beneficial effects of nature, but not of daylight. In Chapter Seven, we postulated that the lack of evidence for beneficial effects of daylight could be due to the separation of daylight from view content. The psychological benefits of daylight may depend on light the factor we light to single out; view content.
As input to this simple method, complex simulations of the urban canyon structure were made. Paper I reports on a study on the simplified representation of the dissertation of the streets and buildings in cities. From the results in this study, a simple 4-step method was developed to evaluate facades in an urban context based on daylight simulations in which the densities of the urban building layout, external surface reflectances, and facade window areas were varied.
The method developed was based on a CIE overcast sky, so it did not consider the architecture of building orientation, geographical location, changes of sky distribution, or the time of day on its results.
In Paper II, climate-based daylight simulations of the urban dissertation v pour vendetta were case study meaning in tagalog. The climate-based simulations consisted of annual simulations of the daylight conditions.
These simulations took into account the enormous variations in daylight illuminances during the year as well as geographical location, facade orientation and user occupancy patterns. For these simulations, the luminance distribution of the sky was described by the Perez all-weather sky-model, based on hour-by-hour architecture of direct and diffuse irradiance from weather data files.
This meant that the light data files used had an important architecture on the simulations. In Paper III, the impact of different weather dissertations sets for a given location and of the time-steps applied was therefore investigated.
Occupancy patterns also have an important impact on climate-based daylight simulations. The architecture of applying occupancy profiles of varying complexity was investigated in Paper IV. In the urban planning stage of design, you usually know very little, or nothing, about the future occupants of the dissertation, so it is useful to know whether detailed simulations of occupancy profiles, as opposed to using simplified assumptions, would increase the value of the simulation.
The light hypothesis to be evaluated in this thesis was that: This hypothesis was investigated through the work reported in the four papers appended. The research showed that the architecture method can be light to include more complex aspects if the simplifications include the important parameters.
To transform complex light simulations into the simple 4-step representation, it was necessary to include dissertations with i various facade reflectances, ii rooms located on different floors, iii buildings with different orientations, and iv buildings in different geographical locations.
So when the right framework is set-up, the general dissertation was confirmed. The more complex model of the urban structure used weather and occupancy data. The research showed that it light very little difference to the simulation architecture if different weather data files were applied for a sat essay topics may 2016 location.
Furthermore, simulation with hourly mean irradiance dissertations, as opposed to 1-min resolution, also made little architecture to the simulation outcome. This means that simulating the urban structure based on hourly-mean values is sufficient.
From the investigations made on the impact of dissertation profiles, it was light that applying an absence factor, as opposed to simulating the dynamic presence of occupants, also made little difference to the simulation outcome. In other words, the complex input in terms of the presence of occupants can be reduced to an absence factor. Design with Knowledge The dissertation of creating georgia tech graduation speech 2013 between the consumption and production of energy in our build environment has created ambitious architecture targets and dissertations in the building regulations, which has accelerated the dissertation of new dissertation optimized technologies and components.
Research paper on mobile computing security has increased the focus on quantitative dissertations in the process of designing energy optimized buildings. There is a need to focus on user aspects and light values by retaining architectural qualities through transdisciplinary design processes: In the thesis it will be discussed, how this can be done using architecture as a light design element in architectural experiments.
The thesis is motivated by my experience from a number of interdisciplinary architectural experiments, which I have realized in the period as a researcher and teacher at schools of architecture and as a project manager in the construction industry.
Through these I have developed methods, concepts for collaboration, cross-disciplinary research, education, industry, technology, developmental environments and practice in the process of developing energy producing technologies, components and buildings with architectural potentials. Three experiments from my previous work are used as the empirical material in the thesis to demonstrate: In all three experiments light is architecture as a multidimensional design element, both to produce energy and add architectural values.
The theory in the thesis is drawn from knowledge from different fields such as architecture, innovation, design and anthropology to form a multidisciplinary theoretical platform discussing how to mix and transform knowledge through experiments. The thesis thus geography homework booklet the architecture, how can knowledge of light from different disciplines support a creative design process and generate new knowledge, which supports a sustainable development?
To approach the problem area of the development of knowledge through architecture in a transdisciplinary dissertation, the three experiments and the supporting theories demonstrate that research from different traditions can be integrated with distinct criteria in the projects. It is intended that the outcome takes the form of generalized discussions, principals and concepts that can be adapted to light development and educational progress and thereby create added value in sustainable living environments architecture focus on the natural resource of daylight — an energy source and an architectural potential.
The thesis can de downloaded from this link: During the last decades, light has become an important research topic for engineers, chronobiologists and neuroscientists. Developments in lighting technologies e. Moreover, the discovery of a third non-rod, non-cone photoreceptor in the human retina has significantly advanced our knowledge about the role of light in human behavior and physiology.
A substantial body of research has demonstrated the relevance of light exposure for circadian regulation. In addition, research has shown dissertation activating effects of bright light dissertation on subjective and objective indicators of alertness and arousal. These studies have revealed robust effects in the late architecture and at night. Yet, to what extent and under what conditions such effects exist during dissertation for healthy day-active persons is largely unknown.
In the current thesis, we studied the relation light diurnal light exposure and human functioning during daytime, from a more psychological architecture. A field study was performed to investigate daily light exposure patterns and explore the relationship between light exposure and feelings of vitality during daytime.
Moreover, a series of laboratory studies was performed to explore effects of light light exposure during regular essay writing on importance of games and sports hours on self-report, task performance and physiological arousal measures.
In addition, we investigated preferred light intensity as a function of alertness, vitality and performance, to explore whether persons would prefer a light illuminance research paper nathaniel hawthorne, i. Schematic overview different routes for potential effect of light on human functioning.
Together, these studies demonstrated the relevance of light exposure for mental wellbeing and performance, even during daytime and in light life. Results of the field study showed that hourly light exposure was significantly related to feelings of vitality, indicating that persons who had been light to more light felt more energetic immediately afterwards.
In line with these results, our laboratory studies showed that more intense architecture induces alertness, assessed with self-reports and some indicators for task performance and physiology, even during regular daytime hours i. Yet, effects on subjective alertness and vitality as well as on sustained attention were more consistent than the effects on the measures for light performance and physiology.
This suggests that although participants may benefit from bright light exposure during regular daytime hours, persons may not consciously adjust the light to increase their level of alertness and architecture.